News that doesn't receive the necessary attention.

Wednesday, July 6, 2016

Obama broke 2008 campaign promise to unions to renegotiate NAFTA. In Feb. 2009 said it's not the time for 'protectionism.' NAFTA was passed by Clinton and added to by George Bush-Feb. 2009, Huffington Post, Washington Post

Feb. 2009 articles

2/19/2009, "NAFTA Renegotiation Must Wait, Obama Says," Washington Post, Michael D. Shear

"President Obama warned on Thursday against a "strong impulse" toward protectionism...and said his election-year promise to renegotiate the North American Free Trade Agreement on behalf of unions and environmentalists will have to wait."...

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When some still thought Obama would keep his campaign promise to renegotiate NAFTA:

2/12/2009, "Obama Reaffirms Promise to Renegotiate NAFTA," Huffington Post, Laura Carlsen

"The courtesy call between President-elect Barack Obama and Mexican President Felipe Calderon turned out to be a little more revealing than anticipated. The statement from incoming White House Press Secretary Robert Gibbs gave a pretty clear, if vague, picture of where Obama plans to take the bilateral relationship. On renegotiating NAFTA, he stood his ground as Calderón lobbied heavily not to re-open the North American Free Trade Agreement.

“On trade and the economy, President-elect Obama said that with both countries facing very difficult economic times, it’s important to work together to maintain a constructive and comprehensive dialogue. He expressed his continued commitment to upgrading NAFTA to strengthen labor and environmental provisions to reflect the values that are widely shared in both of our countries, and proposed the creation of a consultative group to work on a host of issues important to the United States and Mexico, including NAFTA, energy and infrastructure.”

This consultative group could be the germ of a renegotiation. Prior to the meeting, a war of words has raged over whether President-elect Barack Obama will hold to his campaign promise of opening up the North American Free Trade Agreement for renegotiation.

Campaign attacks on NAFTA and promises to renegotiate proved that demands for revision of the free-trade model have reached critical mass in the U.S.A. post-election report from Public Citizen heralded a net gain of 28 fair-trade members in the House and seven senators. Most of these politicians, it notes, didn’t just happen to be critical of the free-trade model. They actively ran on a fair-trade platform and won partly as a result of that position.


The mainstream press is wrong when it says the US can't "unilaterally" call for renegotiation. Not only is renegotiation permitted legally in fact, any country can unilaterally withdraw with six months notice but there have been many calls for renegotiation in Canada and Mexico.

Canadians have built a strong grassroots movement to protect natural resources from predatory NAFTA clauses. Broad-based citizen groups like the Council of Canadians oppose NAFTA because of the energy proportionality clause that requires Canada to export oil to the United States even in times of scarcity, the investor-state clauses that give investors the right to sue governments contained in Chapter 11, and the clause that permits bulk-water exports. Polls in the general population show that 61% favor renegotiation.
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In Mexico, 100,000 people marched in the streets on two separate occasions under the banner of renegotiation to revise NAFTA’s agricultural provisions. They demanded protection of basic food production by removing corn and beans from the agreement. In 2003, former President Vicente Fox requested opening up the agreement only to be rebuffed by the U.S. government.

For the United States, the main issue is jobs. Senator Sherrod Brown, an Ohio Democrat, cites a loss of 200,000 manufacturing jobs due to NAFTA for his state alone. The nation has lost 3.1 million manufacturing jobs since 1994, and its trade deficit with Mexico and Canada has risen to $138.5 billion in 2007 from $9.1 billion in 1993. The opposition to NAFTA within the United States goes well beyond organized labor. While job loss and insecurity under globalization were major constituency -builders in blue collar states during the elections,  polls taken before the election revealed that a national majority opposes free trade and particularly NAFTA, and that opinion increased during the campaign. A June 2008 Rasmussen nationwide poll showed 56% in favor of renegotiating NAFTA. Many people feel that NAFTA has given companies incentives to move production to where labor is cheaper, exporting jobs and eroding working conditions.

In general, U.S. opposition to the trade agreement is split between fair-trade groups that focus on jobs and the environment and a nationalist rightwing that believes NAFTA and its offspring, the Security and Prosperity Partnership, threaten U.S. sovereignty through the nefarious — and non-existent — creation of a North American Union. Neither of these currents could properly be called “protectionist,” and both call for more transparency in the process.

Among the differing priorities, citizen demands concur that the current agreement favors transnational companies and is unfair to citizens in all three nations. 

Broadly shared priorities for renegotiation are:

— Eliminate Chapter 11. Corporations shouldn’t have the right to sue governments and supersede national laws. Trade tribunals lack adequate transparency and accountability, and consistently reflect a strong, pro-corporate bias. 

End the energy proportionality clause between the United States and Canada, and exclude bulk water as a commodity. Canadian national and provincial governments should be able to fulfill their responsibilities in long-term energy planning without restrictions under NAFTA. 
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Get NAFTA out of food and agriculture. Countries should be able to develop national agendas to assure food quality, farm livelihoods, and consumer safety and then adapt the trade agreement to those objectives rather than the reverse. NAFTA favors corporate farms and bans certain policy tools to support small farmers and consumers, including special products protections. Renegotiating the agreement’s agricultural provisions shouldn’t involve surgical incisions of specific clauses, but a deep reform and reorientation toward food sovereignty.

End the Security and Prosperity Partnership. This 2005 NAFTA extension into further trade and investment liberalization and national security has no public mandate
in any of the three countries. Further negotiations on expanding integration should be reviewed and, where approved, be channeled into open, representative talks. The U.S. military aid package it spawned, the Merida Initiative, should be converted into a development aid package for the 2010 appropriations.

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Some of these groups together produced a document of 10 areas that should be reviewed: ..... 
energy, 
agriculture, 
role of the state, 
financial services, 
foreign investment, 
employment, 
migrants, 
environment, 
intellectual property, and 
dispute settlement.


Will He or Won’t He?


But some Obama-watchers claim he’s waffling on his trade commitments. Although these contentions in the pro-free-trade press are mostly wishful thinking, experts and activists are following the appointments closely. So far it has been a mixed message. The initial nomination of Bill Richardson, point-person for the passage of NAFTA under the Clinton administration, didn’t sit well with fair-trade groups and elicited a sigh of relief among free-trade promoters, who instantly chalked up the president-elect’s anti-NAFTA statements to electoral propaganda. Obama’s economic advisors, led by Larry Summers, and appointee for Treasury, Timothy Geithner, at face value would also indicate a commitment to the status quo on trade. And when Ron Kirk, a former mayor of Dallas who proclaimed his city the “capital of NAFTA,accepted the nomination for U.S. Trade Representative, it reversed satisfaction among fair-traders at the initial nomination of Xavier Becerra, who turned down the job.

Pending the new Commerce designate, that leaves Hilda Solis, Obama’s nominee for Secretary of Labor, as the only real bright spot for fair-traders. A NAFTA critic, she would wield real clout since jobs will be the pivotal issue for the United States in renegotiation. As a Latina, she also has an acute understanding of the need to make NAFTA fair for all partners.

Pessimistically, it’s possible to imagine that the Obama presidency could end up merely adopting the Democratic platform on trade, which would stick side agreements in the text, add International Labor Organization core labor standards, and create an expanded U.S. jobs displacement program. Obama supported the U.S.-Peru Free Trade Agreement, which was modified along these lines. But the economic crisis has changed everything. Even as the Bush administration frantically — and incredibly — insists that free trade isn’t the problem but the solution, most other countries are taking a second look at the model. As the crisis sets in, Europe wants more regulation and developing countries want more policy space. And Americans want more protection from the disaster that’s currently befalling them.

With every appointment, Obama has insisted he’ll be the one calling the shots. For the next few weeks, then, all we really have to go on for predicting trade policy is Washington’s current favorite game — the psychic exploration of Obama’s inner mind. A more productive activity for fair-traders is to pull out all the stops in the tri-national campaigns to renegotiate NAFTA and impose a moratorium on new free trade agreements. 
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This is an historic opportunity to change course in crisis.

Citizens Organize for Renegotiation

Citizen organizations and legislators have called for renegotiation of NAFTA in the United States, Canada, and Mexico. The collapse of the financial sector spells the need for a reconversion strategy for the “real economy;” that is, U.S. productive capacity in the United States. This strategy will require a careful and critical look at NAFTA, our blind reliance on market forces, and the promotion of outsourcing as a competition strategy.
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The industrial policy that Obama outlined clashes ideologically and legally with NAFTA and other free trade agreements. It hasn’t been lost on the rest of the world that the U.S. government is adopting measures such as massive subsidies and bailouts that it has sought to deny developing countries under free-trade rules. Robert Kuttner at The American Prospect refers to this as “the sin of committing industrial policy” and warns that it’s only a matter of time before a trade partner registers a suit against Obama’s anti-crisis measures.
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This would be an excellent opportunity to expose the hypocrisy of our trade policies and chart a new course.

The new fair-trade members of Congress and others outside the leadership clique will provide new allies and be far more willing to move beyond the stodgy party leadership’s position on trade. Some already have. The TRADE Act, introduced into Congress in April 2008, calls for a NAFTA review and lays out fair-trade principles.


Meanwhile, poor countries need maximum room for maneuver to help those who are already living on the edge. Mexico is no exception. Although the current government isn’t likely to willingly change neoliberal policies and accept NAFTA renegotiation, the citizenry opposes NAFTA two to one. Echoing the phrase that did in John McCain’s candidacy, President Felipe Calderón continues to argue that the Mexican economy will be fine even as reports of job loss, wage declines, inflation, and capital flight pour in. In Mexico, as in the United States, only energetic measures can address the deepening crisis and growing social unrest.

Renegotiation can and should be good for citizens in all three countries. With such a high degree of integration, our futures are intertwined. A recent study calculated that when Mexican real wages drop 10%, apprehensions at the border rise around 8%. Real wages in Mexico fell 24% from December 2006 to August 2008 and are plummeting now with the crisis; renegotiation should include a view toward job generation and retention in Mexico, and a compensation fund similar to the European Union’s transition funds for less-developed countries. The current security aid in the ill-conceived Merida Initiative should be converted to this end.

The first step for renegotiation must be a broad, in-depth review of NAFTA, or rather three reviews, one per country. Review bodies must be independent, representing different orientations and expertise. These should carefully define the criteria of evaluation, including social, economic, political, and cultural indicators. The U.S. TRADE Act, which also calls for a review, lists some criteria for evaluation, but we need precision. Also necessary are public consultations and other mechanisms for incorporating civil society input into the process.

The review would achieve several important goals. First, it would open up a debate that in the United States had been practically dormant between NAFTA’s passage and the recent presidential campaign. It also would provide valuable information on impacts. The apples-and-oranges debate on trade policy — one side argues that NAFTA increased international trade and the other argues that international trade isn’t all it’s cracked up to be — is sterile and abstract. We should be able to move beyond this debate with additional data and analysis.

To convince public opinion of the case for renegotiation, at this critical moment in a process of economic integration gone awry, will require thinking about international trade and investment in the context of new economic arrangements. To do this we need to build both arguments and alliances. Renegotiation demands must be woven into comprehensive proposals for reform that have a coherent logic and go beyond NAFTA articles. Related issues include
............
enforcing antitrust legislation, 
ending commodity speculation, 
adopting supply management mechanisms, 
creating grain reserves, 
supporting domestic food production, and 
building local marketing systems.

The Obama statement from Jan. 12 indicates the president-elect will stand firm on renegotiating NAFTA. It may no longer be a question of “will he or won’t he”. To confront the crisis and establish mutual well-being in the region, the debate must move quickly now to “how and when.”"
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"Laura Carlsen (lcarlsen (at) ciponline.org) is director of the Americas Policy Program in Mexico City, where she has been an analyst and writer for two decades. She is regular columnist for Foreign Policy In Focus"

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Comment: Pro NAFTA Calderon won in 2006 by less than 1% of the vote-after a partial "recount" in Mexico:

9/5/2006: "Last month, the tribunal ordered the ballots recounted in about 9 percent of the 130,000 precincts nationwide in response to Mr. López Obrador’s allegations of fraud in some instances and arithmetic errors on half the precinct tally sheets. They annulled more than 150,000 votes in hundreds polling places during the recount. But the overall results did not change much."

Calderon's opponent had promised to change parts of NAFTA that punished Mexico's poorest subsistence farmers who were forced either to starve or abandon their home and move to the US. (Calderon was the candidate on "the right," and his anti-NAFTA opponent was on "the left.")

Of Obama, the Huffington Post article wondered, "Will he or won't he?" keep his campaign promise to renegotiate NAFTA.
This has to be a joke. Obama is completely predictable. He's 60s radical boilerplate with two vicious twists. He's a neocon and owned by Wall St. globalists. A candidate nurtured by George Soros from his earliest days could be nothing else. By Feb. 20, 2009, Obama of course had broken his campaign promise. No riots broke out, in fact he was immediately excused for his action. It was circumstances, the poor guy had no choice. By the way, where did the author get the idea that majority American opinion means anything? It should be obvious by now that Americans are slaves. Trade deals like NAFTA could only be imposed on slaves. The "free trade" issue has turned "the left" and "the right" upside down.

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NAFTA passed in 1994, but action on the most politically sensitive farm products was delayed until 2007 and 2008:

August 2006, "Calderon Faces Pressure to Roll Back NAFTA," McClatchy, Kevin G. Hall, Janet Schwartz, and Jay Root

Uruapan, Mexico: "Felipe Calderon's contested, razor-thin victory in Mexico's presidential election last month is likely to force his attention toward the underdeveloped south, where poor farmers want to renegotiate the North American Free Trade Agreement.

The treaty with the United States and Canada took effect in 1994, but delayed complete free trade in the most politically sensitive farm products until 2007 and 2008.
These include sugar and orange juice imports into the U.S. market and corn and beans into Mexico.

Leftist presidential candidate Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, who's mounted a legal challenge to overturn the July 2 election results, promised on the campaign trail to renegotiate NAFTA's agricultural provisions with an eye toward protecting homegrown corn and beans. That helped him carry most of Mexico's south.

Mexico's industrialized north, which has benefited greatly from the trade deal, voted overwhelmingly for Calderon, a pro-business conservative. Over the 12 years of NAFTA's existence, Mexico's north has attracted billions of dollars in investment, much of it from the U.S. auto industry.

General Motors recently broke ground on a $650 million plant in San Luis Potosi, and a document leaked to the news media earlier this year shows that Ford Motor Co. is considering an investment of $9.2 billion in Mexico over the next six years. Foreign auto companies that manufacture in Mexico expect to produce more than 2 million vehicles this year, a record. Many of them are exported to the United States.

There's nothing comparable in Mexico's poorer south, which lacks the highways, ports, flush banks and geographic ties to the United States enjoyed by Mexico's north....

Ten years ago, Oaxacan marketplaces brimmed with locally produced corn. Now Mexicans buy sacks of U.S.-grown corn for a fraction of what it used to cost, said Chuck Collins, a scholar with the liberal Institute for Policy Studies in Washington.

"They can't really compete with the price of U.S. corn. The land is going fallow and some rural towns are more like ghost towns," he said. "If you own a restaurant (in Mexico) or you are just making tortillas, your corn isn't grown in Oaxaca anymore. It's grown in Nebraska."

As a result, farmers leave to seek work in sprawling urban centers such as Mexico City or cross illegally into the United States.
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In a news conference after his apparent election, Calderon...stressed that he won't seek a NAFTA renegotiation to help corn farmers."...
 


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