"It’s not easy to screw things up so badly, but somehow Washington’s bloated foreign-policy establishment has done it."
12/8/17, "When Washington Cheered the Jihadists," Daniel Lazare, Consortium News
"Exclusive: Official Washington helped unleash hell
on Syria and across the Mideast behind the naïve belief that jihadist
proxies could be used to transform the region for the better, explains
"When a Department of Defense intelligence report
about the Syrian rebel movement became public in May 2015, lots of
people didn’t know what to make of it. After all, what the report said
was unthinkable – not only that Al Qaeda had dominated the so-called
democratic revolt against Syrian President Bashar al-Assad for years,
but that the West continued to support the jihadis regardless, even to
the point of backing their goal of creating a Sunni Salafist
principality in the eastern deserts.
The United States lining up behind Sunni terrorism – how could this
be? How could a nice liberal like Barack Obama team up with the same
people who had brought down the World Trade Center?
It was impossible, which perhaps explains why the report remained a
non-story long after it was released courtesy of a Judicial Watch
freedom-of-information lawsuit. The New York Times didn’t mention it until six months later while the Washington Post waited more than a year before dismissing it
as “loopy” and “relatively unimportant.” With ISIS rampaging across
much of Syria and Iraq, no one wanted to admit that U.S. attitudes were
ever anything other than hostile.
But three years earlier, when the Defense Intelligence Agency was
compiling the report, attitudes were different. Jihadis were heroes
rather than terrorists, and all the experts agreed that they were a
low-risk, high-yield way of removing Assad from office.
After spending five days with a Syrian rebel unit, for instance, New York Times reporter C.J. Chivers wrote
that the group “mixes paramilitary discipline, civilian policing,
Islamic law, and the harsh demands of necessity with battlefield
coldness and outright cunning.”
Paul Salem, director of the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut, assured
the Washington Post that “al Qaeda is a fringe element” among the
rebels, while, not to be outdone, the gossip site Buzzfeed published a pin-up of a “ridiculously photogenic” jihadi toting an RPG.
“Hey girl,” said the subhead. “Nothing sexier than fighting the oppression of tyranny.”
And then there was Foreign Policy, the magazine founded by neocon
guru Samuel P. Huntington, which was most enthusiastic of all. Gary
Gambill’s “Two Cheers for Syrian Islamists,”
which ran on the FP web site just a couple of weeks after the DIA
report was completed, didn’t distort the facts or make stuff up in any
obvious way. Nonetheless, it is a classic of U.S. propaganda. Its
subhead glibly observed: “So the rebels aren’t secular Jeffersonians. As
far as America is concerned, it doesn’t much matter.”
Assessing the Damage
Five years later, it’s worth a second look to see how Washington uses self-serving logic to reduce an entire nation to rubble.
First a bit of background. After displacing France and Britain as the
region’s prime imperial overlord during the 1956 Suez Crisis and then
breaking with Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser a few years later,
the United States committed itself to the goal of defeating Arab
nationalism and Soviet Communism, two sides of the same coin as far as
Washington was concerned. Over the next half-century, this would mean
steering Egypt to the right with assistance from the Saudis, isolating
Libyan strong man Muammar Gaddafi, and doing what it could to undermine
the Syrian Baathist regime as well.
William Roebuck, the American embassy’s chargé d’affaires in Damascus, thus urged
Washington in 2006 to coordinate with Egypt and Saudi Arabia to
encourage Sunni Syrian fears of Shi‘ite Iranian proselytizing even
though such concerns are “often exaggerated.” It was akin to playing up
fears of Jewish dominance in the 1930s in coordination with Nazi
A year later , former NATO commander Wesley Clark learned of a
classified Defense Department memo stating that U.S. policy was now to
“attack and destroy the governments in seven countries in five years,”
first Iraq, then Syria, Lebanon, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, and Iran. (Quote
starts at 2:07.)
Since the United States didn’t like what such governments were doing,
the solution was to install more pliable ones in their place. Hence
Washington’s joy when the Arab Spring struck Syria in March 2011 and it
appeared that protesters would soon topple the Baathists on their own.
Even when lofty democratic rhetoric gave way to ominous sectarian chants
of “Christians to Beirut, Alawites to the coffin,” U.S. enthusiasm
remained strong. With Sunnis accounting for perhaps 60 percent of the
population, strategists figured that there was no way Assad could hold
out against religious outrage welling up from below.
Enter Gambill and the FP. The big news, his article began, is that
secularists are no longer in command of the burgeoning Syrian rebel
movement and that Sunni Islamists are taking the lead instead. As
unfortunate as this might seem, he argued that such a development was
both unavoidable and far from entirely negative.
“Islamist political ascendancy is inevitable in a majority Sunni
Muslim country brutalized for more than four decades by a secular
minoritarian dictatorship,” he wrote in reference to the
Baathists. “Moreover, enormous financial resources are pouring in from
the Arab-Islamic world to promote explicitly Islamist resistance to
Assad’s Alawite-dominated, Iranian-backed regime.”
So the answer was not to oppose the Islamists, but to use them. Even
though “the Islamist surge will not be a picnic for the Syrian people,”
Gambill said, “it has two important silver linings for US
interests.” One is that the jihadis “are simply more effective fighters
than their secular counterparts” thanks to their skill with “suicide
bombings and roadside bombs.”
The other is that a Sunni Islamist victory in Syria will result in “a
full-blown strategic defeat” for Iran, thereby putting Washington at
least part way toward fulfilling the seven-country demolition job
discussed by Wesley Clark.
“So long as Syrian jihadis are committed to fighting Iran and its
Arab proxies,” the article concluded, “we should quietly root for them –
while keeping our distance from a conflict that is going to get very
ugly before the smoke clears. There will be plenty of time to tame the
beast after Iran’s regional hegemonic ambitions have gone down in
Deals with the Devil
The U.S. would settle with the jihadis only after the jihadis had
settled with Assad. The good would ultimately outweigh the bad. This
kind of self-centered moral calculus would not have mattered had Gambill
only spoken for himself. But he didn’t. Rather, he was expressing the
viewpoint of Official Washington in general, which is why the
ultra-respectable FP ran his piece in the first place.
The Islamists were something America could employ to their advantage
and then throw away like a squeezed lemon. A few Syrians would suffer,
but America would win, and that’s all that counts.
The parallels with the DIA are striking. “The west, gulf countries,
and Turkey support the opposition,” the intelligence report declared,
even though “the Salafist[s], the Muslim Brotherhood, and AQI [i.e. Al
Qaeda in Iraq] are the major forces driving the insurgency.”
Where Gambill predicted that “Assad and his minions will likely
retreat to northwestern Syria,” the DIA speculated that the jihadis
might establish “a declared or undeclared Salafist principality” at the
other end of the country near cities like Hasaka and Der Zor (also known
as Deir ez-Zor).
Where the FP said that the ultimate aim was to roll back Iranian
influence and undermine Shi‘ite rule, the DIA said that a Salafist
principality “is exactly what the supporting powers to the opposition
want in order to isolate the Syrian regime, which is considered the
strategic depth of Shia expansion (Iraq and Iran).”
Bottle up the Shi‘ites in northwestern Syria, in other words, while
encouraging Sunni extremists to establish a base in the east so as to
put pressure on Shi‘ite-influenced Iraq and Shi‘ite-ruled Iran.
As Gambill put it: “Whatever misfortunes Sunni Islamists may visit upon the Syrian people, any government
they form will be strategically preferable to the Assad regime, for
three reasons: A new government in Damascus will find continuing the
alliance with Tehran unthinkable, it won’t have to distract Syrians from
its minority status with foreign policy adventurism like the ancien régime, and it will be flush with petrodollars from Arab Gulf states (relatively) friendly to Washington.”
With the Saudis footing the bill, the U.S. would exercise untrammeled sway.
Has a forecast that ever gone more spectacularly wrong? Syria’s
Baathist government is hardly blameless in this affair. But thanks
largely to the U.S.-backed sectarian offensive, 400,000 Syrians or more have died since Gambill’s article appeared, with another 6.1 million displaced and an estimated 4.8 million fleeing abroad.
War-time destruction totals around $250 billion,
according to U.N. estimates, a staggering sum for a country of 18.8
million people where per-capita income prior to the outbreak of violence
was under $3,000. From Syria, the specter of sectarian violence has
spread across Asia and Africa and into Europe and North America as
well. Political leaders throughout the advanced industrial world are
still struggling to contain the populist fury that the Middle East
refugee crisis, the result of U.S.-instituted regime change, helped set
So instead of advancing U.S. policy goals, Gambill helped do the
opposite. The Middle East is more explosive than ever while U.S.
influence has fallen to sub-basement levels. Iranian influence now
extends from the Arabian Sea to the Mediterranean, while the country
that now seems to be wobbling out of control is Saudi Arabia where Crown
Prince Muhammad bin Salman is lurching from one self-induced crisis to
another. The country that Gambill counted on to shore up the status quo
turns out to be undermining it.
It’s not easy to screw things up so badly, but somehow Washington’s
bloated foreign-policy establishment has done it. Since helping to
snatch defeat from the jaws of victory, Gambill has moved on to a post
at the rightwing Middle East Forum where Daniel Pipes, the group’s
founder and chief, now inveighs against the same Sunni ethnic cleansing that his employee defended or at least apologized for.
The forum is particularly well known for its Campus Watch program,
which targets academic critics of Israel, Islamists, and – despite
Gambill’s kind words about “suicide bombings and roadside bombs” –
anyone it considers the least bit apologetic about Islamic terrorism.
Double your standard, double the fun. Terrorism, it seems, is only
terrorism when others do it to the U.S., not when the U.S. does it to
News that doesn't receive the necessary attention.
Saturday, December 9, 2017
Obama administration cheered Islamic terrorists, particularly the Sunnis. Since 2007 US goal was to destroy governments in 7 countries: Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, and Iran-Daniel Lazare, Consortium News...(Peace is bad for business. US taxpayers enable constant war)
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